While many aquarists do not know what types of fish are the most suitable for their aquarium, the chalk bass might be the best sea animal. This species is small, cheap, attractive, and easy to collect, although it is often overlooked.
This article tries to reveal the fun facts of the unpopular reef fish. Then, you will see how this species can be acclimated to your tank.
It looks attractive and well-behaved, so there is no doubt to house this peaceful and adaptable sea animal in any community aquarium.
- 1 Description
- 2 Origin of Chalk Bass
- 3 Habitat of Chalk Bass
- 4 Social Behavior
- 5 Captive Diet
- 6 Feeding Tips for Chalk Bass
- 7 Propagation
- 8 Disease Treatment of Chalk Bass
- 9 Care Guide of Chalk Bass
- 10 Compatibility
The chalk bass or Serranus tortugarum comes in orange hue with electric blue vertical stripes that accentuate the body. This species resembles a torpedo that features a changing coloration. Its ability helps this reef fish to camouflage while hunting the prey.
However, the physical appearance of the bass depends on the exposed lighting in the environment. Sometimes, it looks like a vibrant turquoise fish with black or burgundy lines on the dorsal fin. Thus, this species has various colors with attractive patterns.
Furthermore, the mature marine fish grows about ten centimeters in the wild, whereas the common size is only five centimeters long. Unfortunately, the Chalk bass lifespan is only one year.
A very young bass is not larger than three centimeters. Over time, the juvenile’s color has changed from the vibrant metallic blue to an orange or reddish hue. As it ages, the body will be darker and more fugitive.
Origin of Chalk Bass
Serranus tortugarum is native to the Atlantic sea. The chalk bass has large populations in the Caribbean reefs.
It widely distributes to Honduras, Bahamas, Virgin Isles, and Florida eastern coast. Then, this marine species inhabit in the depth of 11 to 400 meters.
Habitat of Chalk Bass
The chalk bass lives in tropical oceans with low temperatures. It is mostly found in the depth of the waters near the substrate and the reefs. These groups of Atlantic fish love hiding through the midst of corals to avoid the predators.
Other refugees are the nearest fissure and the reef-sand interface. Also, they often shield inside the empty shells and broken fragments of rocks. Therefore, these marine species are rarely found in open space.
The chalk bass is a social sea animal that likes swimming in free schools or groups. This species spends most of the time hiding inside the corals. It is also gliding around the stones to hunt tiny crustaceans and planktons.
Serranus tortugarum has both male and female reproductive organs. However, this species cannot fertilize by itself, although it is a hermaphrodite. Also, the bass consumes zooplankton and can take the whole body of crustaceans through the mouth as food.
When it comes to preparing diet captivity, you’ll find no problem since chalk bass will eat anything you give. As a carnivore, Serranus tortugarum will eat live microfauna and invertebrates when they mature.
However, there are various marine fares in the form of captive foods. Provide chopped crustacean flesh, mollusks, Mysis, or brine shrimps.
For a high-protein diet, feed the bass on krill and squid. Therefore, the Atlantic fish will obtain perfect nourishment.
Moreover, the attractive colors of the Caribbean fish should be well-maintained by offering pigment enhancing foods.
Additionally, drenching the food in garlic can keep the fish healthier and boost immunity. Then, pellets, frozen, and flakes are other choices for the diet.
Feeding Tips for Chalk Bass
One thing to remember is feeding the chalk bass gradually to avoid any leftover food. The remainings will increase the level of phosphates and nitrates. Do not add the meal until the fish eat all substances you give.
Secondly, utilize a syringe or pipette to give the meal on different targets. Drop some food to the aggressive fish on one side of the tank.
Next is squirting another substance to the peaceful fish. Make sure all fish have an opportunity to get enough supply.
Chalk bass has an extravagant reproduction system since it is hermaphrodite. Thus, each specimen features both ovaries and testes. During the propagating, the individual has a double-duty as the male and female.
Therefore, the Atlantic bass switches gender twenty times to ensure propagation. After that, the reef fish will lay the eggs on the corals’ surface until they hatch.
Disease Treatment of Chalk Bass
Serranus tortugarum is a robust and supple species that resist several infections and protozoal diseases.
To prevent any injury, use a dormant shelter from the PVC pipe before keeping the fish into the main tank.
Prevent Chalk Bass From Protozoan Cysts
All bass from the wild habitat might carry protozoa and bacteria that can infect your tank.
Therefore, apply a quarantine system before adding the fish to the main display. It will save the whole reef aquarium from being infected.
A separate quarantine tank with an ultraviolet system helps to kill the protozoan cysts. It is an effective method to avoid any disease outbreak.
Thus, you will be sure that the Caribbean fish has good health to keep in the new marine tank.
Popeye is a kind of bacterial infection that can occur in a perfect healthy chalk bass. This disease happens due to poor water quality.
Importantly, be careful while sifting the reefs from the soil base. It can stir up dirt from the sandbed and irritate the fish’s eyes.
Move the infected fish to a quarantine tank for separate treatment. Then, treat with antibiotics to avoid the dead. Sometimes, it requires a UV sterilizer to decrease the harmful bacteria in the water.
Care Guide of Chalk Bass
The best way to house bass in your marine container is by establishing an environment that resembles its wild habitat.
Consider choosing a 30-gallon aquarium as an ideal Chalk bass tank size to keep this Caribbean fish. Meanwhile, a nano tank is enough to house each specimen.
After preparing the proper size of the tank, duplicate the real condition in the wild with hardscapes and vegetation.
Don’t forget to add a protective cover on the top of the aquarium to prevent the fish’s jumping for the first month.
Arrange some stones and aquatic plants to create several hiding places. The live rocks in the aquarium will also provide microfauna. The chalk bass might prey this zooplankton on the reefs.
Besides, to enhance its natural feeding habit, you can also attach Artemia and mysids in the foreground. Then, another important thing is creating an open space with a toned-down lighting scheme.
Additionally, create some shelters from live stones and seashells to give protection. Help the bass to thrive by keeping a scheduled pattern of water changes.
To be more capable of indelicate water quality parameters, utilize a protein skimmer as alternative nutrition for the established Caribbean fish. This way will be helpful for amateur aquarists.
This colorful reef fish is suitable for various kinds of sea animals, except its predators. Avoid Chalk bass tank mates that can be harmful such as triggers, lionfish, and other big basses.
Clownfish or aggressive damsels are suitable for these colorful species, but it needs extreme caution.
For instance, you can pair the fish with a purple or Kole tang, the male and female Anthias, cleaner goby, and sollar wrasse.
Then, the chalk bass, a white-spotted filefish, and a starry blenny can be fabulous additions to the community tank.
Avoid the mature bass from small Anemone and Emperor shrimps since this fish will feed on them.
However, the safest companions for the Caribbean species are Lysmata wurdemanni, Stenopus hispidus, starfish, clams, and crabs.
Peppermint Shrimps vs Chalk Bass
Peppermint shrimps or Lysmata wurdemanni is perfect for any species of chalk bass.
Add six individuals in a 30-gallon tank with small groups of the Caribbean fish. This small invertebrate will give cool benefits to the aquarium.
Chalk Bass Vs Coral Banded Shrimps
Stenopus hispidus is a shrimp-like Crustacean that can be a good tank mate for the Atlantic fish.
Although it is aggressive towards other shrimp species, the banded coral will be peaceful to chalk bass and invertebrates. This saltwater animal also likes to hide in the reefs while molting.
Starfish is an outstanding creature to keep in a marine chalk bass tank. The brittle stars keep at the bottom of the aquarium and safely share the same place with dwarf angels, Anthias, Tangs, and Clowns.
This reef invertebrate will thrive in the proper size and well-maintained aquarium.
Clams or shellfish are not real fish at all. They belong to bivalve mollusks that can make good tank mates with any types of shrimps and chalk basses.
Additionally, these filter-feeding species help to remove dreck on the tank’s surface.
Porcelain Anemone Crabs
As the companions, the porcelain anemone crabs do not have any problems with the chalk bass. They can hang around the corals together.
These crabs come in a creamy white hue with reddish-brown dotted-markings.
This saltwater invertebrate usually lives in pairs to build protection against the predators. However, you can pair them with the bass as a great addition to the reef tank.
Finally, chalk bass has proven that the species is easy-going with its unique appearance and temperament. It needs no time to adapt to your marine aquarium. Thus, you will be satisfied with this all-around beautiful reef fish.